http://www.collembola.org/doc/glossary.htm - Last updated on 1998.10.05 by Frans Janssens
Checklist of the Collembola : Glossary of nomenclaturical terms

Preamble

This glossary is a modified subset of the 'Glossary of terms commonly occurring in zoological taxonomic literature' Part 1 A - L and Part 2 M - Z, of 10 July 1996, of Biosys UK - Publisher of Biological Abstracts and Zoological Record (contact: jhowcroft@york.biosis.org), and has been applied in particular to the literature on Collembola. The examples are (will be) taken from the literature listed in the bibliography.


Glossary


A

aberratio, ab.
a term which, if used to denote a number of individuals within a species, unequivocally signifies infrasubspecific rank.
ad partem
in part. See pro parte.
affinis, aff.
affinity, relationship, sometimes misleadingly employed as a synonym for phenetic similarity (= akin to).
alii, aliorum, al.
others, of others.
apud
with, in the work of.
auctorum, auct.
of (all) authors.
auctorum non, auct. non
of (all) authors and not (of); used in a homonym citation of a synonym.
Example:
A.... b.... auct. non Smith, 1970
= the name A.... of all authors and not of Smith, who used the same name in 1970 to identify another taxon.
AUTHOR CITATION
the name of the authority for a taxon name, when cited, should follow the taxon name without any intervening marks or punctuation. Its citation is optional and may or may not be followed immediately by the year. Examples:
A.... Smith 1970
Smith was the first person to validly publish the name A...., which he did in 1970.
A.... Smith in Jones 1970
Smith was the first person to validly publish the name A...., which he did within a publication by Jones in 1970.
A.... b.... (Smith) 1970 or A.... b.... (Smith 1970)
Smith was the first person to validly publish the species name b.... in 1970, but which at the time he put in combination (qv) with another genus name.
A.... c.... (Smith) Jones
Smith was the first person to validly publish the species name c...., but which at that time he put in combination (qv) with another genus name. Jones is responsible for the transfer of the species to genus A.....
A.... b.... [Smith]
The name was originally published anonymously but from external information the author is known to be Smith.
A.... Smith [1970]
Date of publication established solely from external evidence e.g. publisher's correspondence.
A.... b.... Smith : Jones
A.... b.... : Jones
These mean that A.... b.... was originally published by Smith, but that this refers specifically to a subsequent, more restricted usage of the name i.e. as used by Jones (: may sometimes be given as ;).
A.... b.... sensu auct. non Smith 1970
These refer to instances of the use of A.... b.... by all authors for a taxon which is other than that as published by Smith 1970.

B

C

circa, ca.
See confer.
citatus, -a, -um, cit.
cited.
combinatio novum, comb. nov.
new combination - a combination validly published for the first time.
confer, cf.
compare.

D

E

emendatus, -a, -um, emend.
emendation.
Example :
A.... b.... Smith, emend. Jones
= Smith originally published A.... b...., but later Jones further subdivided the species so that its diagnosis was more limited than that originally published by Smith.
See also partim.
et alia, et al.
and others.
ex
from, according to. Sometimes used within an authority citation.
Example :
A.... Smith 1970 ex Jones 1942
= the name A.... of Smith, validly published in 1970, according to Jones, who formerly used the name in 1942, but which he did not validly publish.
ex errore
by mistake.
ex nomine
by or under that name.
ex parte, e.p.
in part.
See pro parte.
exclusus, -a, -um, excl.
excluded - used to indicate elements included in a taxon by a previous author or authors, but considered not to belong to it by the writer and excluded from it by him.

F

familia novum, fam. nov.
new familia - a family validly published for the first time.
fide
on the authority of, or with reference to publication, to a cited published statement.

G

genus novum, gen. nov.
new genus - a genus validly published for the first time.

H

I

ibidem, ibid, ib.
the same, in the same place.
in litteris, in litt.
in correspondence.
incertae sedis
of a taxon - one of uncertain taxonomic position, `of uncertain seat'.
ineditus, -a, -um
unpublished.

J

K

L

lapsus calami
a `slip of the pen', an unintentional error, especially in spelling taxonomic names.
loco citato, loc. cit., l.c.
in the place cited, used to avoid repetition of a bibliographic reference already given.

M

mihi, m.
to me, dative singular of ego, I. Used after a name to indicate the writer's responsibility for its proposal.
Example :
Achorutes tuberculatus Mihi (published in Nicolet, 1842:51)
= Achorutes tuberculatus Nicolet, 1842:51
= the name Achorutes tuberculatus of Nicolet, validly published in 1842.
mutatis characteribus, mut. char.
with the characters changed (by), used in same way as emendatus.

N

natio
race.
nec
and not (of), nor (of); used in a homonym citation.
Example :
A.... Smith 1947 nec Jones 1958.
= the name A.... of Smith, validly published in 1947 and not of Jones, who used the same name in 1958 to identify another taxon.
Example :
A.... Smith 1947 nec Jones 1958 nec Brown 1960
= the name A.... of Smith, validly published in 1947 and not of Jones, who used the same name in 1958 to identify another taxon, nor of Brown, who used the name once more in 1960 to identify yet another taxon.
nobis, nob., n.
to us, dative plural of ego, I. Used after a name to indicate the author's responsibility for its proposal.
nomen novum, nom. nov.
new name which is expressly proposed as a replacement name for a preoccupied name, automatically takes the same type and type locality. (= a replacement name or substitute name for a preoccupied name). Commonly applied to names proposed to replace junior homonyms.
non
(and) not (of).
Example: A.... Smith 1947 non Jones 1958.
= the name A.... of Smith, validly published in 1947 and not of Jones, who used the same name in 1958 to identify another taxon.
Example: A.... Smith 1947 non Jones 1958 nec Brown 1960 = the name A.... of Smith, validly published in 1947 and not of Jones, who used the same name in 1958 to identify another taxon, nor of Brown, who used the name once more in 1960 to identify yet another taxon.
novum familia, n. fam., n. f.
see familia novum.
Example :
Anuridae n. fam. Stach, 1949:1.
Anuridae n. f. Stach, 1949:2.
novum genus, n. gen., n. g.
see genus novum.
Example :
Troglobius n. gen. Palacios-Vargas & Wilson, 1990:68.
novum species, n. sp.
see species novum.
Example :
Troglobius coprophagus n. sp. Palacios-Vargas & Wilson, 1990:69.

O

opera citato, op. cit.
in the work cited, used to avoid the repetition of part of a bibliographic reference already given.
orthographia mutata, orth. mut.
with an altered spelling (by).

P

partim
in part.
See pro parte.
Example :
A.... b.... Smith, partim Jones
= Smith originally published A.... b...., but later Jones further subdivided the species so that its diagnosis was more limited than that originally published by Smith.
See also emend.
pro parte, p.p.
in part; used in author citations to show that only part of a taxon, as defined by a previous author, is being referred to by the writer.

Q

R

rite
properly, correctly, according to the rules.

S

saltem
at least.
scheda, sched.
label (or a specimen).
secundum, sec.
according to.
sedis incertae
see incertae sedis.
sensu
in the sense (of), as used (by).
Example :
A.... b.... Smith 1970 sensu Jones 1977
= A.... b.... was originally published by Smith, but this name refers specifically to a subsequent, more restricted usage of the name as used by Jones.
sensu amplo
see sensu lato.
sensu lato, sens. lat., s. l.
in the broad sense i.e. of a taxon - including all its subordinate taxa and/or other taxa sometimes considered as distinct.
Example :
Sminthuridae s. l. Palacios-Vargas et Vázquez, 1997:285.
sensu stricto, sens. str., s. s.
in the strict sense, in the narrow sense. Most often used to indicate the nominate subordinate taxon
(e.g. A.... b.... s.s. = A.... b.... b....; A.... s.s. = A.... (A....); etc.).
Example :
Stenognathriopes s. s. Palacios-Vargas et Vázquez, 1997:288.
= Stenognathriopes (Stenognathriopes).
Or it may just indicate exclusion of similar taxa sometimes united with it.
seu
either, or.
sic
this, to signalize exact transcription.
sine
without.
species indeterminata, sp. indet.
undetermined species, one not identifiable with the description for a name already published. Usually given with a generic name only e.g. A.... sp. indet.
species inquirendum, sp. inq.
a species to be queried, a doubtfully identified species requiring further investigation.
species novum, sp. nov.
new species - a species validly published for the first time.
Example :
Denisiella maesorum sp. nov. Palacios-Vargas, 1995:29.
status novum, stat. nov.
new status, representing a change in status.
subgenus novum, subgen. nov.
new subgenus - a subgenus validly published for the first time.
Example :
Stenognathriopes (Tenentiella) subgen. nov. Palacios-Vargas et Vázquez, 1997:285.

T

tomo citato, tom. cit.
in the volume cited, used to avoid repetition of part of a bibliographic reference already given.

U

V

vere
the true.
vide
see.

W

X

Y

Z